三种滴灌肥对草莓生长、产量及品质的影响
作者:
作者单位:

(1.新疆农业科学院土壤肥料与农业节水研究所,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830091;2.新疆克拉玛依市三达农牧有限责任公司,新疆 克拉玛依 834000)

作者简介:

唐光木(1983-),男,河南郏县人,副研究员,硕士,研究方向为土壤培肥与改良。E-mail:tangjunhui5120@126.com。

通讯作者:

基金项目:

基金项目:新疆克拉玛依高新区科技计划项目(B2017003);新疆维吾尔自治区重点研发计划项目(2019B00006)。


Effects of three drip irrigation fertilizers on growth,yield and quality of strawberry
Author:
Affiliation:

(1.Institute of Soil,Fertilizer and Agricultural Water Conservation,Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Urumqi Xinjiang 830091;2.Xinjiang Kelamayi Sanda Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Company with Limited Liability,Karamay Xinjiang 834000)

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
    摘要:

    为了研究滴施氨基酸、全生物有机肥和黄腐酸复合肥对草莓生长、产量及品质的影响。在克拉玛依白碱滩区设常规对照处理基础上,追施氨基酸、全生物有机肥和黄腐酸复合肥3种有机肥,共4个处理,3次重复,随机排列,分析3种滴灌肥与草莓特性之间的关系。结果表明:3种滴灌肥能够显著提高草莓株高、单株叶面积和全株生物量,成熟期分别提高18.21%~39.16%、23.45%~38.42%、17.62%~97.13%;进而提高草莓单株果数、单果重、单株重以及产量,3种滴灌肥分别提高15.87%~24.72%、17.25%~27.10%、35.86%~51.46%、27.61%~41.77%;3种滴灌肥能显著提高草莓蛋白质、维生素C、可溶性固形物、可溶性糖含量,降低可滴定酸含量,从而提高糖酸比,改善品质。滴施3种滴灌肥对草莓生长、产量提高和品质改善具有积极影响,且以黄腐酸复合肥表现最佳。

    Abstract:

    In order to study the effects of amino acids foliar,fulvic acid and bio-organic fertilizer on the growth,yields and qualities of strawberry,four treatments were set up:control(conventional treatment),amino acids foliar,fulvic acid and bio-organic fertilizer.Each treatment was repeated three times and randomly arranged.The results showed that the application of amino acids foliar,fulvic acid and bio-organic fertilizer significantly improved the plant height,leaf areas per plant,biomass per plant of the strawberry during maturing period,and increased by 18.21%~39.16%,23.45%~38.42%,17.62%~97.13%,respectively.Average number,average weight,weight of plant and yield of the strawberry increased by 15.87%~24.72%,17.25%~27.10%,35.86%~51.46%,27.61%~41.77%,respectively,compared with the control treatment.The results also showed that application of amino acids foliar,fulvic acid and bio-organic fertilizer significantly increased the protein,vitamin C,soluble solids and soluble sugar content while reduced free acid of strawberry.Amino acids foliar,fulvic acid and bio-organic fertilizer had a positive impact on the growth of strawberry,yield and quality of strawberry,and fulvic acid shows the best agricultural effect.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

唐光木,黄微,卢丽,程余军,何家全,邵华伟,徐万里.三种滴灌肥对草莓生长、产量及品质的影响[J].中国土壤与肥料,2021,(1):156-160.

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-30
  • 最后修改日期:
  • 录用日期:2020-02-05
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-18