有机肥料施用风险分析及相关标准综述
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1.中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所/国家化肥质量监督检验中心北京/农业农村部农产品质量安全肥料源性因子风险评估实验室北京;2.北京市土肥工作站 北京;3.北京市大兴区土肥工作站;4.安徽省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 合肥市

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Risks for Crop Growth, Soil Health, and Food Safety Derived From the Use of Organic Fertilizer in AgricultureTang Shan1,2, Liu Zifei3, Wang Linyang1, Du Weiyan1, Liu Jipei4, Wang Hong1
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1.Beijing Soil and Fertilizer Working Station, Beijing 100029;2.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/National Center for Quality Supervision and Test of Chemical Fertilizers(Beijing)/ Laboratory of Quality and Safety Risk Assessment for Agricultural Products from Fertilizer Sources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs;3.Soil and Fertilizer Working Station in Daxing District, Beijing 102600;4.chinese academic of agriculture science

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    摘要:

    合理利用农业有机废弃物资源,科学施用有机肥料,对提升土壤肥力、提高农产品产量与品质、减轻生态环境污染具有重要意义。本文综述了有机肥料施用过程可能存在的危害风险,包括:重金属、抗生素、环境激素、微塑料等可能会对产地生态环境与农产品安全产生影响的风险。盐分过高、腐熟不够对作物生长不利的风险。人体病原生物、动植物病原体(包括菌种、毒种等)、害虫等带来的生物安全风险以及进口有机肥料带入的有害生物入侵风险。总结了有机肥料产品标准中相关风险限量指标。

    Abstract:

    Rational use of agricultural organic waste resources and scientific application of organic fertilizers (OFs) are of great significance to improve soil fertility and agricultural products quality and to reduce non-point source pollution. This paper reviews the possible risk factors and their hazards when organic fertilizer application. Heavy metals, antibiotics, environmental hormones and microplastics in OFs would result in risks of ecological contamination and agricultural product safety. The adverse effects of high salt content and insufficient maturity of OFs on crop growth. Biological safety risks such as OFs containing pathogenic organisms of plant, animal, and human. Attention should be paid on the risk of biological invasion from the imported OFs. The relevant limit indexes in OF standards were summarized.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-08-10
  • 最后修改日期:2020-09-01
  • 录用日期:2020-09-02
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